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Combustion / Irvin Glassman, Richard A. Yetter.

By: Glassman, Irvin [autor]Contributor(s): Yetter, Richard A [autor]Publisher: Boston : Academic Press, ©2008Edition: 4th edDescription: xx,773 páginas : ilustraciones, cuadros, gráficos ; 24 cmContent type: texto Media type: no mediado Carrier type: volumenISBN: 9780120885732Subject(s): Cinetica quimica | Combustión | Ignición | OxidacionDDC classification: 541.361
Contents:
Chemical thermodynamics and flame temperatures. -- Chemical kinetics. -- Explosive and general oxidate characteristic of fuels. -- Flame phenomena in preximed combustible gases. -- Detonation. -- Difusion flames. -- Ignition. -- Environmental combustion considerations. -- Combustion of nonvolatile fuels.
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Colección general 541.361 G464 (Browse shelf) 4th.ed. 2008 1 Available 0000010352
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Combustion Engineering, a topic generally taught at the upper undergraduate and graduate level in most mechanical engineering programs, and many chemical engineering programs, is the study of rapid energy and mass transfer usually through the common physical phenomena of flame oxidation. It covers the physics and chemistry of this process and the engineering applications - from the generation of power such as the internal combustion automobile engine to the gas turbine engine. Renewed concerns about energy efficiency and fuel costs, along with continued concerns over toxic and particulate emissions have kept the interest in this vital area of engineering high and brought about new developments in both fundamental knowledge of flame and combustion physics as well as new technologies for flame and fuel control.

Include appendix and index. -- Appedndix A. Thermochemical data and conversion factors. -- B. Adiabatic flame temperatures of hydrocarbons. -- C. Specific reaction rate constants. -- D. Bond dissociation energies of hydrocarbons. -- E. Flammability limits in air. -- F. Laminar flame speeds. -- G. Spontaneous ignition temperature data. -- H. Minimum spark ignition energies and quenching distances. -- I. Programs for combustion kinetics.

Chemical thermodynamics and flame temperatures. -- Chemical kinetics. -- Explosive and general oxidate characteristic of fuels. -- Flame phenomena in preximed combustible gases. -- Detonation. -- Difusion flames. -- Ignition. -- Environmental combustion considerations. -- Combustion of nonvolatile fuels.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Prologue (p. xvii)
  • Preface (p. xix)
  • Chapter 1 Chemical Thermodynamics and Flame Temperatures (p. 1)
  • A Introduction (p. 1)
  • B Heats of reaction and formation (p. 1)
  • C Free energy and the equilibrium constants (p. 8)
  • D Flame temperature calculations (p. 16)
  • 1 Analysis (p. 16)
  • 2 Practical considerations (p. 22)
  • E Sub- and super sonic combustion thermodynamics (p. 32)
  • 1 Comparisons (p. 32)
  • 2 Stagnation pressure considerations (p. 33)
  • Problems (p. 36)
  • Chapter 2 Chemical Kinetics (p. 43)
  • A Introduction (p. 43)
  • B Rates of reactions and their temperature dependence (p. 43)
  • 1 The Arrhenius rate expression (p. 45)
  • 2 Transition state and recombination rate theories (p. 47)
  • C Simultaneous interdependent reactions (p. 52)
  • D Chain reactions (p. 53)
  • E Pseudo-first-order reactions and the "fall-off" range (p. 57)
  • F The partial equilibrium assumption (p. 60)
  • G Pressure effect in fractional conversion (p. 61)
  • H Chemical kinetics of large reaction mechanisms (p. 62)
  • 1 Sensitivity analysis (p. 63)
  • 2 Rate of production analysis (p. 65)
  • 3 Coupled thermal and chemical reacting systems (p. 66)
  • 4 Mechanism simplification (p. 68)
  • Problems (p. 69)
  • Chapter 3 Explosive and General Oxidative Characteristics of Fuels (p. 75)
  • A Introduction (p. 75)
  • B Chain branching reactions and criteria for explosion (p. 75)
  • C Explosion limits and oxidation characteristics of hydrogen (p. 83)
  • D Explosion limits and oxidation characteristics of carbon monoxide (p. 91)
  • E Explosion limits and oxidation characteristics of hydrocarbons (p. 98)
  • 1 Organic nomenclature (p. 99)
  • 2 Explosion limits (p. 103)
  • 3 "Low-temperature" hydrocarbon oxidation mechanisms (p. 106)
  • F The oxidation of aldehydes (p. 110)
  • G The oxidation of methane (p. 112)
  • 1 Low-temperature mechanism (p. 112)
  • 2 High-temperature mechanism (p. 113)
  • H The oxidation of higher-order hydrocarbons (p. 117)
  • 1 Aliphatic hydrocarbons (p. 117)
  • 2 Alcohols (p. 127)
  • 3 Aromatic hydrocarbons (p. 129)
  • 4 Supercritical effects (p. 139)
  • Problems (p. 141)
  • Chapter 4 Flame Phenomena in Premixed Combustible Gases (p. 147)
  • A Introduction (p. 147)
  • B Laminar flame structure (p. 151)
  • C The laminar flame speed (p. 153)
  • 1 The theory of Mallard and Le Chatelier (p. 156)
  • 2 The theory of Zeldovich, Frank-Kamenetskii, and Semenov (p. 161)
  • 3 Comprehensive theory and laminar flame structure analysis (p. 168)
  • 4 The laminar flame and the energy equation (p. 176)
  • 5 Flame speed measurements (p. 176)
  • 6 Experimental results: physical and chemical effects (p. 185)
  • D Stability limits of laminar flames (p. 191)
  • 1 Flammability limits (p. 192)
  • 2 Quenching distance (p. 200)
  • 3 Flame stabilization (low velocity) (p. 201)
  • 4 Stability limits and design (p. 207)
  • E Flame propagation through stratified combustible mixtures (p. 211)
  • F Turbulent reacting flows and turbulent flames (p. 213)
  • 1 The rate of reaction in a turbulent field (p. 216)
  • 2 Regimes of turbulent reacting flows (p. 218)
  • 3 The turbulent flame speed (p. 231)
  • G Stirred reactor theory (p. 235)
  • H Flame stabilization in high-velocity streams (p. 240)
  • I Combustion in small volumes (p. 250)
  • Problems (p. 254)
  • Chapter 5 Detonation (p. 261)
  • A Introduction (p. 261)
  • 1 Premixed and diffusion flames (p. 261)
  • 2 Explosion, deflagration, and detonation (p. 261)
  • 3 The onset of detonation (p. 262)
  • B Detonation phenomena (p. 264)
  • C Hugoniot relations and the hydrodynamic theory of detonations (p. 265)
  • 1 Characterization of the Hugoniot curve and the uniqueness of the C-J point (p. 266)
  • 2 Determination of the speed of sound in the burned gases for conditions above the C-J point (p. 276)
  • 3 Calculation of the detonation velocity (p. 282)
  • D Comparison of detonation velocity calculations with experimental results (p. 286)
  • E The ZND structure of detonation waves (p. 293)
  • F The structure of the cellular detonation front and other detonation phenomena parameters (p. 297)
  • 1 The cellular detonation front (p. 297)
  • 2 The dynamic detonation parameters (p. 301)
  • 3 Detonation limits (p. 302)
  • G Detonations in nongaseous media (p. 306)
  • Problems (p. 307)
  • Chapter 6 Diffusion Flames (p. 311)
  • A Introduction (p. 311)
  • B Gaseous fuel jets (p. 311)
  • 1 Appearance (p. 312)
  • 2 Structure (p. 316)
  • 3 Theoretical considerations (p. 318)
  • 4 The Burke-Schumann development (p. 322)
  • 5 Turbulent fuel jets (p. 329)
  • C Burning of condensed phases (p. 331)
  • 1 General mass burning considerations and the evaporation coefficient (p. 332)
  • 2 Single fuel droplets in quiescent atmospheres (p. 337)
  • D Burning of droplet clouds (p. 364)
  • E Burning in convective atmospheres (p. 365)
  • 1 The stagnant film case (p. 365)
  • 2 The longitudinally burning surface (p. 367)
  • 3 The flowing droplet case (p. 369)
  • 4 Burning rates of plastics: The small B assumption and radiation effects (p. 372)
  • Problems (p. 374)
  • Chapter 7 Ignition (p. 379)
  • A Concepts (p. 379)
  • B Chain spontaneous ignition (p. 382)
  • C Thermal spontaneous ignition (p. 384)
  • 1 Semenov approach of thermal ignition (p. 384)
  • 2 Frank-Kamenetskii theory of thermal ignition (p. 389)
  • D Forced ignition (p. 395)
  • 1 Spark ignition and minimum ignition energy (p. 396)
  • 2 Ignition by adiabatic compression and shock waves (p. 401)
  • E Other ignition concepts (p. 402)
  • 1 Hypergolicity and pyrophoricity (p. 403)
  • 2 Catalytic ignition (p. 406)
  • Problems (p. 407)
  • Chapter 8 Environmental Combustion Considerations (p. 409)
  • A Introduction (p. 409)
  • B The nature of photochemical smog (p. 410)
  • 1 Primary and secondary pollutants (p. 411)
  • 2 The effect of NO[subscript x] (p. 411)
  • 3 The effect of SO[subscript x] (p. 415)
  • C Formation and reduction of nitrogen oxides (p. 417)
  • 1 The structure of the nitrogen oxides (p. 418)
  • 2 The effect of flame structure (p. 419)
  • 3 Reaction mechanisms of oxides of nitrogen (p. 420)
  • 4 The reduction of NO[subscript x] (p. 436)
  • D SO[subscript x] emissions (p. 441)
  • 1 The product composition and structure of sulfur compounds (p. 442)
  • 2 Oxidative mechanisms of sulfur fuels (p. 444)
  • E Particulate formation (p. 457)
  • 1 Characteristics of soot (p. 458)
  • 2 Soot formation processes (p. 459)
  • 3 Experimental systems and soot formation (p. 460)
  • 4 Sooting tendencies (p. 462)
  • 5 Detailed structure of sooting flames (p. 474)
  • 6 Chemical mechanisms of soot formation (p. 478)
  • 7 The influence of physical and chemical parameters on soot formation (p. 482)
  • F Stratospheric ozone (p. 485)
  • 1 The HO[subscript x] catalytic cycle (p. 486)
  • 2 The NO[subscript x] catalytic cycle (p. 487)
  • 3 The ClO[subscript x] catalytic cycle (p. 489)
  • Problems (p. 491)
  • Chapter 9 Combustion of Nonvolatile Fuels (p. 495)
  • A Carbon char, soot, and metal combustion (p. 495)
  • B Metal combustion thermodynamics (p. 496)
  • 1 The criterion for vapor-phase combustion (p. 496)
  • 2 Thermodynamics of metal-oxygen systems (p. 496)
  • 3 Thermodynamics of metal-air systems (p. 509)
  • 4 Combustion synthesis (p. 513)
  • C Diffusional kinetics (p. 520)
  • D Diffusion-controlled burning rate (p. 522)
  • 1 Burning of metals in nearly pure oxygen (p. 524)
  • 2 Burning of small particles - diffusion versus kinetic limits (p. 527)
  • 3 The burning of boron particles (p. 530)
  • 4 Carbon particle combustion (C. R. Shaddix) (p. 531)
  • E Practical carbonaceous fuels (C. R. Shaddix) (p. 534)
  • 1 Devolatilization (p. 534)
  • 2 Char combustion (p. 539)
  • 3 Pulverized coal char oxidation (p. 540)
  • 4 Gasification and oxy-combustion (p. 542)
  • F Soot oxidation (C. R. Shaddix) (p. 545)
  • Problems (p. 548)
  • Appendixes (p. 551)
  • Appendix A Thermochemical Data and Conversion Factors (p. 555)
  • Table A1 Conversion factors and physical constants (p. 556)
  • Table A2 Thermochemical data for selected chemical compounds (p. 557)
  • Table A3 Thermochemical data for species included in reaction list of Appendix C (p. 646)
  • Appendix B Adiabatic Flame Temperatures of Hydrocarbons (p. 653)
  • Table B1 Adiabatic flame temperatures (p. 653)
  • Appendix C Specific Reaction Rate Constants (p. 659)
  • Table C1 H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 659)
  • Table C2 CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 661)
  • Table C3 CH[subscript 2]O/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 662)
  • Table C4 CH[subscript 3]OH/CH[subscript 2]O/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 663)
  • Table C5 CH[subscript 4]/CH[subscript 3]OH/CH[subscript 2]O/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 665)
  • Table C6 C[subscript 2]H[subscript 6]/CH[subscript 4]/CH[subscript 3]OH/CH[subscript 2]O/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 668)
  • Table C7 Selected reactions of a C[subscript 3]H[subscript 8] oxidation mechanism (p. 673)
  • Table C8 N[subscript x]O[subscript y]/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 677)
  • Table C9 HCl/N[subscript x]O[subscript y]/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 683)
  • Table C10 O[subscript 3]/N[subscript x]O[subscript y]/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 684)
  • Table C11 SO[subscript x]/N[subscript x]O[subscript y]/CO/H[subscript 2]/O[subscript 2] mechanism (p. 685)
  • Appendix D Bond Dissociation Energies of Hydrocarbons (p. 693)
  • Table D1 Bond dissociation energies of alkanes (p. 694)
  • Table D2 Bond dissociation energies of alkenes, alkynes, and aromatics (p. 695)
  • Table D3 Bond dissociation energies of C/H/O compounds (p. 698)
  • Table D4 Bond dissociation energies of sulfur-containing compounds (p. 699)
  • Table D5 Bond dissociation energies of nitrogen-containing compounds (p. 700)
  • Table D6 Bond dissociation energies of halocarbons (p. 702)
  • Appendix E Flammability Limits in Air (p. 703)
  • Table E1 Flammability limits of fuel gases and vapors in air at 25[degree]C and 1 atm (p. 704)
  • Appendix F Laminar Flame Speeds (p. 713)
  • Table F1 Burning velocities of various fuels at 25[degree]C air-fuel temperature (0.31 mol% H[subscript 2]O in air). Burning velocity S as a function of equivalence ratio [phi] in cm/s (p. 714)
  • Table F2 Burning velocities of various fuels at 100[degree]C air-fuel temperature (0.31 mol% H[subscript 2]O in air). Burning velocity S as a function of equivalence ratio [phi] in cm/s (p. 719)
  • Table F3 Burning velocities of various fuels in air as a function of pressure for an equivalence ratio of 1 in cm/s (p. 720)
  • Appendix G Spontaneous Ignition Temperature Data (p. 721)
  • Table G1 Spontaneous ignition temperature data (p. 722)
  • Appendix H Minimum Spark Ignition Energies and Quenching Distances (p. 743)
  • Table H1 Minimum spark ignition energy data for fuels in air at 1 atm pressure (p. 744)
  • Appendix I Programs for Combustion Kinetics (p. 747)
  • A Thermochemical parameters (p. 747)
  • B Kinetic parameters (p. 747)
  • C Transport parameters (p. 748)
  • D Reaction mechanisms (p. 748)
  • E Thermodynamic equilibrium (p. 750)
  • F Temporal kinetics (Static and flow reactors) (p. 752)
  • G Stirred reactors (p. 753)
  • H Shock tubes (p. 754)
  • I Premixed flames (p. 754)
  • J Diffusion flames (p. 756)
  • K Boundary layer flow (p. 756)
  • L Detonations (p. 756)
  • M Model analysis and mechanism reduction (p. 756)
  • Author Index (p. 759)
  • Subject Index (p. 769)

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

Glassman's well-written volume contains a very useful set of appendixes with thermochemical, kinetic, and bond energy data, and a list of computer programs for combustion kinetics, together with problems and copious references for further reading at the end of each chapter. The flaws in the work are very small, such as the reference on page 45 to hydrogen and iodine reacting directly, which leaves out more recent evidence of this reaction being a free-radical reaction, and the reference on page 46 to the oxygen molecule containing a double bond, which ignores evidence of the biradical nature of the oxygen molecule. Problems like these do not detract much from the overall quality of the work, and the book would make an excellent addition to any reference collection in the field of combustion. It treats a wide range of subjects pertinent to the field of combustion, but calls for a background in thermodynamics and kinetics, making it most useful to engineering students, upper-division undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry and physics, and faculty and professional users. P. R. Douville; emeritus, Central Connecticut State University

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Dr. Irvin Glassman received both his undergraduate and graduate degrees in Chemical Engineering from The Johns Hopkins University. In 1950 he joined Princeton University, and is currently Robert H. Goddard Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. He has also been American Cyanamid Professor of Envirionmental Sciences and Director of Princeton's Center for Energy and Evironmental Studies. For 15years Dr. Glassman represented the United States as a member (and former chairman) of the Propulsion and Energetics Panel of AGARD/NATO. He has been a member of numerous committees, task forces, and research teams, and is currently a member of The National Academy of Engineering and many other professional and honorary societies. Dr. Glassman is listed in Who's Who in America, Who's Who in the World, Outstanding Educators of America, and American Men of Science.

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