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Basic principles and calculations in chemical engineering David M. Himmelblau, James B. Riggs

By: Himmelblau, David M [autor].
Contributor(s): Riggs, James B [autor].
Publisher: United States of America Prentice-Hall ©2012Edition: 8th. Edition.Description: xx, 945 pages Illustrations, figures 26 cm.Content type: Media type: Carrier type: ISBN: 9780132346603.Subject(s): Balance de materia | Ingeniería química | Quimica IndustrialDDC classification: 660.2
Contents:
What are chemical engineering and bioengineering. - - Introductory concepts. - - Material balances. - - Material balannces without reaction. - - Material balances involving reactions. - - Material balances for multi-unit systems. - - Ideal and real gases. - - Multiphase equilibrium. - - Energy balances. - - Energy balances: how to account for chemical reaction. - - Humidity (psychrometric) charts and their use. - - Analysis of the degrees of freedom in steady-state processes. - - Heats of solution and mixing. - - The chemical energy balance. - - Liquids and gases in equilibrium with solids. - - Solving material and energy balances using process simulators (flowsheeting codes). - - Unsteady-state material and energy balances.
Summary: This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the principles and techniques used in the field of chemical engineering as well as biological, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Although the range of subjects deemed to be in the province of chemical engineering has broadened over the last twenty years, the basic principles of this field of study remain the same. This book present the foundation of specific skills and information that are required for the successful undergraduate and postgraduate study of chemical engineering as well as the professional practice of chemical engineering.
List(s) this item appears in: Ingeniería Química
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

The Number One Guide to Chemical Engineering Principles, Techniques, Calculations, and Applications: Now Even More Current, Efficient, and Practical

Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition goes far beyond traditional introductory chemical engineering topics, presenting applications that reflect the full scope of contemporary chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Celebrating its fiftieth Anniversary as the field's leading practical introduction, it has been extensively updated and reorganized to cover today's principles and calculations more efficiently, and to present far more coverage of bioengineering, nanoengineering, and green engineering.

Offering a strong foundation of skills and knowledge for successful study and practice, it guides students through formulating and solving material and energy balance problems, as well as describing gases, liquids, and vapors. Throughout, the authors introduce efficient, consistent, student-friendly methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and gaining a conceptual, application-based understanding of modern chemical engineering processes. This edition's improvements include many new problems, examples, and homework assignments.

Coverage includes

Modular chapters designed to support introductory chemical engineering courses of any length
Thorough introductions to unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems Clear introductions to key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids: ideal/real gases, single component two-phase systems, gas-liquid systems, and more Self-assessment questions to help readers identify areas they don't fully understand
Thought/discussion and homework problems in every chapter
New biotech and bioengineering problems throughout
New examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering
Extensive tables, charts, and glossaries in each chapte
Many new student projects
Reference appendices presenting atomic weights and numbers, Pitzer Z factors, heats of formation and combustion, and more

Practical, readable, and exceptionally easy to use, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Eighth Edition, is the definitive chemical engineering introduction for students, license candidates, practicing engineers, and scientists.

CD-ROM INCLUDES

The latest Polymath trial software for solving linear, nonlinear, and differential equations and regression problems
Point-and-click physical property database containing 700+ compounds Supplemental Problems Workbook containing 100+ solved problems
Descriptions and animations of modern process equipment Chapters on degrees of freedom, process simulation, and unsteady-state material balances
Expert advice for beginners on problem-solving in chemical engineering

Includes appendix, index. - - Appendix A. Answer to supplemental questions and problems. - - B. Atomic weights and numbers. - - C. Table of the pitzer Z° and Z1 factors. - - D. Heats of formation and combustion. - - E. Answer to selected problems. - - F. Physical properties of various organic and inorganic substances. - - G. Heat capacity equations. - - H. Vapor pressures. - - I. Heats of solution and dilution. - - J. Enthalpy-concentration data. - - K. Thermodynamic. - - L. Physical properties of petroleum fractions. - - M. Solution of sets of equations. - - N. Fitting funtions to data.

What are chemical engineering and bioengineering. - - Introductory concepts. - - Material balances. - - Material balannces without reaction. - - Material balances involving reactions. - - Material balances for multi-unit systems. - - Ideal and real gases. - - Multiphase equilibrium. - - Energy balances. - - Energy balances: how to account for chemical reaction. - - Humidity (psychrometric) charts and their use. - - Analysis of the degrees of freedom in steady-state processes. - - Heats of solution and mixing. - - The chemical energy balance. - - Liquids and gases in equilibrium with solids. - - Solving material and energy balances using process simulators (flowsheeting codes). - - Unsteady-state material and energy balances.

This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the principles and techniques used in the field of chemical engineering as well as biological, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Although the range of subjects deemed to be in the province of chemical engineering has broadened over the last twenty years, the basic principles of this field of study remain the same. This book present the foundation of specific skills and information that are required for the successful undergraduate and postgraduate study of chemical engineering as well as the professional practice of chemical engineering.

Excerpt provided by Syndetics

Preface This book is intended to serve as an introduction to the principles and techniques used in the field of chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. Although the range of subjects deemed to be in the province of "chemical engineering" has broadened over the last decade, the basic principles involved in chemical engineering remain the same. This book lays a foundation of certain information and skills that can be repeatedly employed in subsequent courses as well as in professional life. New Features in the Seventh Edition The seventh edition is a completely rewritten and revised version of Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering. Instead of five long chapters, the book is now comprised of 32 short chapters, each typically corresponding to one class session in a schedule of three meetings a week. New features include: A consistent, sound strategy for solving material balance and energy balance problems, one can be used again and again as a framework for solving word problems, which is explained in Chapter 7. All of the examples in this book showing how to solve material and energy balances have been formulated according to this strategy. The examples and problems in each chapter have been augmented to include expanded areas of importance to chemical engineers such as safety, semiconductor processing, and biotechnology. The chapters on material balances have been revised to offer practice in finding out what the problem is, defining it, collecting data to be used in the problem, analyzing the information pertaining to the problem in order to relate it to what you know about similar problems, and, in effect, doing everything but testing the solution experimentally. The extent of reaction has been added to the tools used to solve problems involving chemical reactions. The degree of freedom analysis in solving problems has been emphasized and simplified. A glossary has been added to each chapter. On the CD that accompanies this book is A new version of Polymath, a self-documented, widely used software package that runs on PCs and can solve linear, nonlinear, and differential equations as well as regression problems. A new physical properties database that contains retrievable physical properties (such as vapor pressures and heat capacities and enthalpies for 740 compounds plus the steam tables). Our Motivation for Writing This Book Far too many chemical engineering textbooks have become difficult, dry, and demoralizing for their readers. With this book, we have maintained a conversational style and detailed explanation of principles both in the text and examples to provide a readable yet comprehensive text. We have strived to maintain a suitable balance between understanding and developing skills. Our vision is to avoid comments (from a student about a different text) such as: "My text is useless, well not really, I use it to kill roaches in my room." Piaget has argued that human intelligence proceeds in stages from the concrete to the abstract and that one of the biggest problems in teaching is that the teachers are formal reasoners (using abstraction) while many students are still concrete thinkers or at best in transition to formal operational thinking. We believe that there is considerable truth in this viewpoint. Consequently, we initiate most topics with simple examples that illustrate the basic ideas. In this book the topics are presented in order of assimilation. We start with easy material followed by more difficult material to give readers a "breather" before passing over each hump. Assumed Prerequisites The level of the book is directed to the first course in chemical engineering, which usually occurs in a student's sophomore year. We have assumed that you as a reader to have completed the second part of calculus and started organic chemistry. Familiarity with hand-held calculators is essential, but computer programming is not. Familiarity with PC software would be helpful, but is not critical. Intended Audience We believe that the main category of individuals who will use this book will be students of chemical engineering. However, the book is well designed for courses for nonchemical engineers as well as independent study, long-distance learning, and review for licensing examinations through its self-assessment features. Our Objectives This book is not an introduction to chemical engineering as a profession. We have focused instead on five general objectives in writing this book: To introduce you to the principles and calculation techniques used in chemical engineering. To acquaint you with what material and energy balances are, and how to formulate and solve them. To assist you in learning efficient and consistent methods of problem solving so that you can effectively solve problems you will encounter after leaving school. To offer practice in defining problems, collecting data, analyzing the data and breaking it down into basic patterns, and selecting pertinent information for application. To review certain principles of applied physical chemistry. In addition to focusing on the five above objectives, we expose you to background information on units and measurements of physical properties; basic laws about the behavior of gases, liquids, and solids; and some basic mathematical tools. Other objectives that an instructor may want to include in a course, such as programming and communication skills, information about professional activities, developing a professional attitude, establishing personal goals, developing social awareness, and so on, must be implemented from other sources. Economic feasibility, a major factor in engineering decision making, costing, and optimization, have been omitted because of lack of space. We have not focused on using process simulation software to analyze and solve problems even though it is very good in exploring and handling "what if" questions as well as removing some of the drudgery in solving problems because 1. the pedagogy is too closely aligned to cookbook-style problem solving; learning how to use the software with ease takes some time; and development of a problem-solving strategy is taken out of the hands of the user by the software programmers. The software provides too much guidance for neophytes. Organization and Scope of this Book The major portion of the book comprises four parts: Part 1. Background information (Chapters 1-5) Part 2. Material balances (Chapters 6-12) Part 3. Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids (Chapters 13-20) Part 4. Energy balances (Chapters 21-29) In addition, on the accompanying CD, Chapter 30 treats the degrees of freedom, Chapter 31 process simulators, and Chapter 32 unsteady state material and energy balances. A series of appendices follow that include, in addition to tables and charts of physical properties, miscellaneous information you will find useful. Look at the Table of Contents for details. In the CD that accompanies this book you will find several valuable tools: Polymath: Software that solves equations, and can be used without reading any instructions. Software to retrieve physical property data for over 740 compounds. A Supplementary Problems Workbook containing 100 problems with complete detailed solutions, and another 100 problems with answers. Descriptions of process equipment, and animations that illustrate the functions of the equipment. Problem-solving suggestions including check lists to help you diagnose and overcome problem-solving difficulties you may experience. To provide an appreciation of what processing equipment really looks like and how it works, in the files on the CD disk in the worked-out problems are numerous pictures of the equipment along with an explanation of their function and operation. Problem Sets We have included several categories of problems in the books to assist in self-study. Self-assessment tests with answers (in Appendix A) follow each section. Thought and discussion problems follow the self-assessment tests. Thought problems require reflection more than calculation. Discussion problems, which can be used as the basis of research, papers, and class discussions, pertain to broader issues and are more open ended. Homework-type problems are listed at the end of each chapter, one-third of which have answers (in Appendix N). Each of the problems is rated 1 to 3 (using asterisks) to indicate the degree of difficulty, with 3 being the most difficult. The CD contains more than 100 worked-out examples and another 100 problems with answers keyed to sections in the chapters in the text. All of the examples and problems are designed to build your problem-solving skills. Miscellaneous Useful Features in this Book To make the book more usable and friendly, we have incorporated a number of beneficial features: A list of contents at the beginning of each chapter. A list of instructional objectives at the beginning of each chapter. Important terms appear in boldface type. A glossary has been placed at the end of each chapter. Supplementary references that you can use to get additional information are listed at the end of each chapter. Web sites containing information and links are listed at the end of each chapter. The examples are simple and concrete so that the book is both teachable and useful for self instruction. The chapter topics are independent but linked through a few principles. The examples demonstrate a proven problem-solving strategy. Excerpted from Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering by David M. Himmelblau, James B. Riggs All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

David M. Himmelblau was (until his death in April) the American Petrofina Foundation Centennial Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin. The author of sixteen books, his areas of research included the use of artificial neural networks for fault diagnosis and data rectification. James B. Riggs is Professor in the Chemical Engineering Department at Texas Tech University, where he directs the Texas Tech Process Control and Optimization Consortium. His books include Chemical Process Control, Second Edition and An Introduction to Numerical Methods for Chemical Engineers, Second Edition .

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