# Essentials of soil mechanics and foundations : basic geotechnics / David F. McCarthy

##### By: McCarthy, David F [autor].

Publisher: New Jersey : Pearson Education, ©2007Edition: 7th ed.Description: xiii, 850 páginas : ilustraciones, tablas ; 24 cm.Content type: texto Media type: no mediado Carrier type: volumenISBN: 9780131145603.Subject(s): Cimientos | Mecanica de suelosDDC classification: 624.15136Item type | Current location | Collection | Call number | Vol info | Copy number | Status | Date due | Barcode | Item holds |
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Book | B. Campus los Cerros Colección general | Colección general | 624.15136 M478 (Browse shelf) | 7th ed. 2007 | 1 | Available | 0000052479 |

#### Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

"Essentials of Soil Mechanics and Foundations: Basic Geotechnics, 7/e" provides a clear, detailed presentation of soil mechanics: the background and basics, the engineering properties and behavior of soil deposits, and the application of soil mechanics theories. This new edition features a separate chapter on earthquakes, a more logical organization, and new material relating to pile foundations design and construction and soil permeability. It's rich applications, well illustrated examples, end-of-chapter problems and detailed explanations make it an excellent reference for practicing engineers, architects, geologists, environmental specialists, and more! Covers new developments in geotechnical topics such as: Soil Properties and Analyses Pile Foundation Design and Testing Micropiles Soil Nail Walls Launched Soil Nails Soil Improvment Includes a more extensive scope of topics and clear, well developed presentations. Emphasizes how subject material can be used in the field. An excellent reference for practicing engineers, architects, geologists, environmental specialists and construction materials testing laboratories.

Includes contents, bibliography,index, appendix. -- Appendix A. Application of LaPlace Equation to flow nets. -- B. Laboratory procedure to determine coefficient of consolidation. -- C. Mathematical development of the bishop equation for slope stability.

The soil and rock of planet earth: geologic overview. -- Soil types and soil structure. -- Soil composition: terminology and definitions. -- Index properties and classification tests and soil classification systems. -- Site investigations: purpose and methods, information and procedures available. -- Movement of water through soil: basic hydrogeology, subsurface flow, permeability, capillarity. -- Movement of water through soil: practical effects: seepage, drainage, frost heave, contamination. -- Combined stresses in soil masses: stress at a point and mohr´s circle. -- Subsurface stresses. -- Settlement: soil compression, volume distortion, consolidation. -- Shear strength theory. -- Earthquakes and the effects. -- Foudations: introductory concepts. -- Fundations: desing considerations and methods. -- Site improvement: earth moving, compaction, and stabilization. -- Stability of unsupported slopes. -- Lateral pressures and retaining structures.

this text offers a comprehensive presentation of topics in the field of soil mechanics and foundations. It offers a perfect balance of theory and applications for engineers and non-engineers, and it also provides architecture, construction, and environmental planning students with state-of-the-art information.

### Table of contents provided by Syndetics

**Part I Background and Basics**(p. 1)**Chapter 1 The Soil and Rock of Planet Earth: Geologic Overview**(p. 3)**1.1 Rock: The Source of Soils**(p. 4)**1.2 Soil Categories: Transported, Residual**(p. 8)**Transported Soils**(p. 9)**Residual Soils**(p. 23)**Soil Gases and Liquids**(p. 27)**1.3 Plate Tectonics**(p. 29)**1.4 Effect on Design and Construction**(p. 37)**Problems**(p. 38)**Chapter 2 Soil Types and Soil Structure**(p. 40)**2.1 Major Soil Types**(p. 40)**2.2 Particle Shapes and Sizes**(p. 42)**2.3 Clay and Water**(p. 45)**2.4 Soil Structure**(p. 49)**2.5 Some Special Soil Categories**(p. 53)**Collapsible Soils**(p. 54)**Liquefaction**(p. 54)**Expansive Clays**(p. 55)**Dispersive Clays**(p. 57)**Laterites**(p. 58)**Problems**(p. 59)**Chapter 3 Soil Composition: Terminology and Definitions**(p. 61)**3.1 Soil Composition: Analytical Representation**(p. 61)**Weight-Volume, Mass-Volume Relationship**(p. 62)**3.2 Basic Terms Relating to Soil Composition and Condition**(p. 64)**3.3 Submerged Soil**(p. 73)**Problems**(p. 75)**Chapter 4 Index Properties and Classification Tests, and Soil Classification Systems**(p. 78)**4.1 Index Properties**(p. 79)**4.2 Classification Tests**(p. 80)**Particle Size Distribution (Mechanical Analysis)**(p. 80)**In-Place Density, In-Place Unit Weight**(p. 85)**Relative Density**(p. 86)**Water Content**(p. 89)**Consistency of Clays**(p. 89)**Consistency in the Remolded State and Plasticity**(p. 91)**Presence of Clay Minerals**(p. 93)**Testing for Dispersive Clays**(p. 94)**Other Properties**(p. 96)**4.3 ASTM and AASHTO Test Procedure Designations**(p. 96)**4.4 Classification Systems**(p. 97)**4.5 Application to Transported Soil Deposits and Residual Soil Formations**(p. 107)**4.6 Soil Taxonomy-Global Soil Orders**(p. 109)**Problems**(p. 114)**Chapter 5 Site Investigations: Purpose and Methods, Information and Procedures Available**(p. 117)**5.1 Maps and Aerial Photographs as Sources of Information**(p. 119)**5.2 Borings and Test Pits**(p. 122)**Borings Methods**(p. 123)**Soil Sampling**(p. 128)**Sample Spacing in Soil Borings**(p. 131)**Borings Spacing and Depth**(p. 131)**Rock Core Drilling**(p. 133)**Test Pits**(p. 135)**5.3 Soil Resistance Testing in Boreholes**(p. 136)**Penetration Resistance and the Standard Penetration Test**(p. 136)**SPT Modifications**(p. 140)**Penetration Resistance and Cone Penetrometers**(p. 141)**5.4 Presentation of Borings Information**(p. 154)**Borings Logs, CPT Sounding Logs/Profiles**(p. 154)**Recognizing Limitations of Borings and Penetrometer Data**(p. 154)**5.5 In-Place Testing**(p. 158)**In-Place Shear Tests-Vane Shear**(p. 159)**Slope Inclination Indicator**(p. 159)**Pore Pressure and Piezometers**(p. 161)**Dilatometer and Pressuremeter Tests**(p. 164)**5.6 Groundwater, Soil Water, and Soil Gas Sampling**(p. 169)**5.7 Geophysical Methods**(p. 179)**Seismic Refraction**(p. 179)**Electrical Resistivity**(p. 185)**Correlation between Resistivity and Earth Materials**(p. 189)**Thickness of Layers**(p. 191)**Ground-Penetrating Radar**(p. 191)**Problems**(p. 193)**Part II Engineering Properties and Behavior of Soil Deposits**(p. 196)**Chapter 6 Movement of Water through Soil: Basic Hydrogeology, Subsurface Flow, Permeability, Capillarity**(p. 197)**6.1 Basic Hydrogeology**(p. 198)**Subsurface Flow, Basic Facts**(p. 198)**6.2 Permeability (Hydraulic Conductivity)**(p. 202)**Factors Affecting Flow**(p. 202)**Darcy's Law for Flow**(p. 207)**Laminar and Turbulent Flow**(p. 209)**Effect of Soil Type**(p. 209)**Kozeny-Carman Equation for Permeability**(p. 210)**Empirical Relationships**(p. 215)**Permeability Tests**(p. 217)**Laboratory Permeability Tests**(p. 218)**Field Permeability Tests**(p. 221)**6.3 Capillarity**(p. 221)**Water in Capillary Tubes**(p. 222)**Capillary Rise in Soil**(p. 227)**Time Rate of Capillary Rise**(p. 229)**Suspended Capillaries**(p. 229)**Elimination of Capillary Water in Soil**(p. 229)**Effects of Surface Tension**(p. 229)**Problems**(p. 230)**Chapter 7 Movement of Water through Soil: Practical Effects: Seepage, Drainage, Frost Heave, Contamination**(p. 234)**7.1 Flow Nets and Seepage**(p. 234)**Flow of Subsurface Water**(p. 234)**The Need for Flow Nets and Flow Net Theory**(p. 235)**Boundaries for the Flow Net**(p. 240)**Flow Nets for Nonisotropic Soils**(p. 243)**Uplift Forces**(p. 245)**Other Seepage Forces**(p. 245)**Practical Considerations**(p. 247)**Quicksand**(p. 247)**7.2 Drainage**(p. 249)**Conditions Requiring Drainage**(p. 250)**Dewatering Shallow Excavations**(p. 250)**Dewatering Intermediate Depths**(p. 250)**Deep Drainage**(p. 255)**Consolidation Drainage**(p. 255)**Summary: Techniques for Subsurface Drainage**(p. 255)**Drainage after Construction**(p. 255)**Foundation Drains**(p. 256)**Blanket Drains**(p. 257)**Interceptor Drains**(p. 258)**Flow Through a Structure**(p. 259)**Filter Design (Aggregate Filters)**(p. 260)**Drainage, Filtration, Separation, and Protection with Geosynthetics (Synthetic Fabrics)**(p. 261)**Land Drainage**(p. 269)**Effects of Drainage**(p. 269)**Soil Percolation Rate**(p. 273)**7.3 Frost Heave in Soils**(p. 273)**Permafrost**(p. 279)**7.4 Soil and Groundwater Contamination**(p. 281)**Soil Gas**(p. 287)**Use of Geosynthetics to Prevent Ground Contamination**(p. 291)**Problems**(p. 293)**Chapter 8 Combined Stresses in Soil Masses: Stress at a Point and Mohr's Circle**(p. 296)**8.1 Stress at a Point: Analytical Development**(p. 297)**8.2 Mohr's Circle**(p. 300)**Problems**(p. 307)**Chapter 9 Subsurface Stresses**(p. 310)**9.1 Stresses Caused by the Soil Mass**(p. 310)**Vertical Stresses**(p. 310)**Effect of Groundwater Table**(p. 311)**Horizontal (Lateral) Stresses**(p. 312)**9.2 Stress within the Soil Mass Resulting from Vertical Surface Loading**(p. 315)**Uniform Homogeneous Soils**(p. 315)**Boussinesq Stress Distribution**(p. 315)**Westergaard Stress Distribution**(p. 316)**Computational Aids**(p. 317)**Application for Foundation Loading**(p. 318)**Sixty-Degree Approximation**(p. 321)**Layered Soils Having Different Properties**(p. 322)**Effect of Foundation Installation Below Finished Grade**(p. 324)**Effect of Changing the Surface Grade**(p. 325)**Problems**(p. 327)**Chapter 10 Settlement: Soil Compression, Volume Distortion, Consolidation**(p. 332)**10.1 Basic Considerations**(p. 332)**10.2 Settlement of Foundations on Sand**(p. 336)**Schmertmann Method**(p. 336)**Dilatometer Method**(p. 341)**Approximations for Estimating Settlement of Foundations on Sand**(p. 343)**10.3 Settlement of Foundations on Clay Soils**(p. 345)**Volume Distortion Settlement for Clays**(p. 346)**Primary Compression Settlement for Clays**(p. 348)**Secondary Compression of Clay Soil**(p. 363)**10.4 Settlement Resulting from Earth Fill**(p. 364)**10.5 Consolidation**(p. 365)**10.6 Surcharging**(p. 371)**Acceleration of the Soil Improvement Process**(p. 373)**Horizontal Drainage**(p. 374)**Problems**(p. 378)**Chapter 11 Shear Strength Theory**(p. 384)**11.1 Laboratory Tests**(p. 385)**Direct Shear Test**(p. 385)**Triaxial Compression Test**(p. 387)**Plane Strain and Axisymmetrical Strain**(p. 390)**Unconfined Compression Test**(p. 391)**Vane-Shear Test**(p. 391)**11.2 Shear Test Results Plotted on Mohr's Circle Coordinates**(p. 393)**Strength or Failure Envelope**(p. 394)**11.3 Shearing Strength**(p. 396)**Shearing Strength of Cohesionless Soil**(p. 396)**Approximating Values of [phi] from Site Investigation Data (SPT, CPT DMT)**(p. 402)**Shearing Strength of Clay Soils**(p. 404)**Shear Strength of Clay Related to Triaxial Testing**(p. 410)**Approximating Shear Strength of Cohesive Soil from Site Investigation Data (SPT, CPT, DMT, VST)**(p. 416)**Shear Strength of Mixed Soils**(p. 417)**Position of Failure Plane Related to Angle [phi]**(p. 418)**11.4 Stress Paths**(p. 419)**Stress Path for Tests in Consolidated-Drained Conditions**(p. 420)**Stress Path for Tests in Consolidated-Undrained Conditions**(p. 422)**Applications**(p. 423)**Problems**(p. 425)**Chapter 12 Earthquakes and the Effects**(p. 429)**12.1 Causes and Effects**(p. 429)**12.2 Applications to Design**(p. 446)**NEHRP Provisions (USA)**(p. 446)**Problems**(p. 455)**Part III Application of Soil Mechanics Theories**(p. 457)**Chapter 13 Foundations: Introductory Concepts**(p. 459)**13.1 General Types of Foundations-Foundation Categories**(p. 460)**Spread Footings**(p. 460)**Mat (or Raft) Foundations**(p. 461)**Pile and Pier Foundations**(p. 461)**Caissons**(p. 462)**Floating Foundations**(p. 463)**13.2 Pile Foundation Types and Installation Procedures**(p. 463)**Pile Drivers for Driven Piles**(p. 463)**Pile Types and Materials**(p. 469)**Representative Pile Load Capacities and Available Lengths**(p. 480)**Methods to Aid Pile Installation**(p. 480)**Other Installation Considerations**(p. 482)**13.3 Relating Soil Conditions and Foundation Types**(p. 482)**Problems**(p. 485)**Chapter 14 Foundations: Design Considerations and Methods**(p. 488)**Shallow Foundations-Design and Installation Criteria**(p. 489)**14.1 Basic Concepts-Long (Strip) Footings**(p. 489)**14.2 Bearing Capacity Equations**(p. 491)**Additional Considerations, Bearing Capacity Equation**(p. 497)**Application for Design-The Extended Bearing Capacity Equation**(p. 500)**Footings on Slopes**(p. 508)**14.3 Footing Design Data from Penetration Resistance in Boreholes**(p. 510)**Standard Penetration Test and Sand**(p. 511)**Standard Penetration Test and Cohesive Soil**(p. 515)**Cone Penetrometer Test (CPT) and Sand**(p. 516)**Static Cone Penetrometer and Cohesive Soil**(p. 517)**The Pressuremeter and Foundation Design**(p. 519)**14.4 Effects of Seismic Events**(p. 523)**Seismic Bearing Capacity of Spread Footing Foundations**(p. 523)**Seismic-Induced Liquefaction**(p. 528)**14.5 Presumptive Bearing Pressures**(p. 534)**14.6 Foundation Walls**(p. 535)**Deep Foundations-Capacity and Installation Criteria**(p. 538)**14.7 Pile and Pier Foundations**(p. 538)**Statical Analysis (Single Pile Capacity)**(p. 539)**Effective Stress Method**(p. 540)**Total Stress Method**(p. 550)**Factor of Safety**(p. 556)**Negative Shaft Capacity**(p. 556)**Other Design Considerations**(p. 557)**Uplift Capacity (Single Pile)**(p. 557)**Statical Method-Bored Piers and Piles (Drilled Shaft Foundations)**(p. 558)**Arrangement for Piles in a Group**(p. 563)**Group Capacity**(p. 565)**Pile Group Settlement**(p. 567)**Pile Load Tests**(p. 569)**Pile-Driving Formulas**(p. 577)**14.8 Supervision of Foundation Construction**(p. 585)**Problems**(p. 585)**Chapter 15 Site Improvement: Earth Moving, Compaction, and Stabilization**(p. 595)**15.1 Field Procedures-General Considerations, Methods, and Techniques**(p. 596)**Alternative Methods of Transporting Earth Fill**(p. 603)**15.2 Field Equipment-Surface Zone Compaction**(p. 604)**Surface Compaction Equipment**(p. 604)**15.3 Deep-Ground Improvement Techniques**(p. 613)**Vibrocompaction**(p. 613)**Stone Columns: Vibroreplacement, Vibrodisplacement Processes**(p. 618)**Controlled Modulus Columns (CMC)**(p. 621)**Deep Soil Mixing**(p. 621)**Dynamic Deep Compaction/Consolidation**(p. 625)**Dynamic Replacement**(p. 627)**Compacting by Explosives**(p. 627)**Vacuum Consolidation**(p. 629)**15.4 Soil Stabilization**(p. 630)**Use of Natural and Chemical Additives**(p. 630)**Use of Geosynthetics for Stabilization and Reinforcement**(p. 637)**15.5 Methods for Establishing Required Soil Density**(p. 642)**15.6 Field Control and Field Density Tests**(p. 648)**Sand-Cone Method**(p. 650)**Balloon Method**(p. 650)**Nuclear Moisture-Density Method**(p. 651)**Problems**(p. 654)**Chapter 16 Stability of Unsupported Slopes**(p. 657)**16.1 Types of Slope Movements**(p. 658)**16.2 Isotropic Soils and Uniform Slopes of Infinite Extent**(p. 662)**Cohesionless Soil**(p. 662)**Soils Possessing Cohesion**(p. 666)**16.3 Slopes of Finite Extent-Soils Possessing Cohesion**(p. 667)**Types of Rotational Slides in Isotropic Soils**(p. 667)**Stability Analysis-General Concepts**(p. 668)**Strength Properties for Analysis-Clay and Mixed Soils**(p. 670)**Basic Methods for Stability Analysis**(p. 672)**Methods of Slices**(p. 673)**Noncircular Slip Surfaces**(p. 683)**Effect of Tension Cracks**(p. 687)**Sliding Block Analysis**(p. 687)**16.4 Computational Aids-Slope Stability Charts**(p. 689)**Taylor Charts**(p. 689)**Bishop-Morganstern, Barnes Charts**(p. 694)**Barnes Charts/Tables for Excavated Slopes**(p. 701)**Spencer Charts**(p. 706)**Morganstern Charts for Rapid Drawdown**(p. 709)**16.5 Variation in Shear Stress and Factor of Safety**(p. 711)**16.6 Improving Stability of Slopes**(p. 712)**Problems**(p. 715)**Chapter 17 Lateral Pressures and Retaining Structures**(p. 719)**17.1 Lateral Earth Pressure and Retaining Walls**(p. 721)**At-Rest Pressure**(p. 721)**Effect of Submergence**(p. 723)**Active and Passive Lateral Pressures-Basic Considerations**(p. 725)**17.2 Earth Pressures against Retaining Walls**(p. 729)**Classical Theories**(p. 729)**17.3 Lateral Pressures Related to Wall Movement**(p. 733)**Practical Considerations**(p. 733)**Cohesionless Soil Backfill**(p. 735)**Goh Analysis**(p. 736)**Cohesive Soil Backfill**(p. 736)**Recommended Design Criteria for Gravity Walls**(p. 739)**Effects of Groundwater and Freezing**(p. 739)**17.4 Retaining Wall Design Requirements**(p. 742)**Common Types of Walls, Construction Considerations**(p. 742)**Basic Design Considerations**(p. 744)**Surface Loads near Wall**(p. 752)**Terzaghi-Peck Charts for Backfill Pressures**(p. 753)**Earthquake Forces and Gravity Retaining Walls**(p. 754)**17.5 Alternate Types of Retaining Structures**(p. 758)**Gabion Retaining Walls**(p. 758)**Reinforced Earth**(p. 760)**Soil Nail Wall and Ground Anchor Wall Systems**(p. 761)**Launched Soil Nails**(p. 764)**17.6 Excavation Bracing**(p. 768)**Types and Installation of Excavation Bracing**(p. 768)**Lateral Pressures for Designing Bracing**(p. 773)**17.7 Anchored Bulkheads**(p. 777)**17.8 Water-Retaining Structures: Dams**(p. 781)**Earth Fill Dams**(p. 784)**Rockfill Dams**(p. 788)**Concrete and Masonry Dams**(p. 789)**Problems**(p. 798)**Appendix A Application of LaPlace Equation to Flow Nets**(p. 803)**Appendix B Laboratory Procedure to Determine Coefficient of Consolidation**(p. 806)**Appendix C Mathematical Development of the Bishop Equation for Slope Stability**(p. 810)**Bibliography**(p. 813)**Answers to Selected Problems**(p. 830)**Index**(p. 837)

### Author notes provided by Syndetics

Undergraduate degree, BS in CE, Univ of Rhode Island, RI

Graduate degree, MS in CE, Lehigh Univ, Bethlehem, PA

Licensed Professional Engineer in several states (NY, PA, NJ, MA)

Approximately 40 years of experience in the field of civil engineering consisting of an intermix of (i) geotechnical engineering consulting experience that includes early training with geotechnical firms, all related to private and public projects (field subsurface investigations and evaluations, foundations design, field construction, site improvement) involving building construction, highway and airfield construction, dams, earth retaining structures, environmental projects, and (ii) the teaching of college coursework in civil engineering programs (geotechnical engineering, soil and constructions materials testing, engineering mechanics, structural design).

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