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Unraveling environmental disasters / Daniel A. Vallero, Trevor M. Letcher

By: Vallero, Daniel A [autor].
Contributor(s): Letcher, Trevor M [autor].
Publisher: ámsterdam, Boston : Elsevier, ©2013Description: xi, 500 páginas : ilustraciones, tablas ; 24 cm.Content type: Media type: Carrier type: ISBN: 9780123970268.Subject(s): Desastres ambientalesDDC classification: 363.7
Contents:
Disasters as failures. -- Types of failure. -- Science. -- Explosions. -- Plumes. -- Leaks. -- Spills. -- Fires. -- Climate. -- Nature. -- Minerals. -- Recalcitrance. -- Invasions. -- Products. -- Unsustainability. -- Society. -- Future.
Summary: Unraveling environmental disasters covers thwe major environmental threats facing our world, focusing on rigorous scientific investigations to better understand why the disasters occurred. Two prominet scientists, physical chemist trevor letcher and environmental engineer Daniel Vallero, look at natural and human-induced disasters to analyze waus that they could have been prevented and offer predictions on possible future disasters based upon scientific evidence.
List(s) this item appears in: Ingeniería de Petróleos
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Item type Current location Collection Call number Vol info Copy number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Book Book B. Campus los Cerros
Colección general
Colección general 363.7 V184 (Browse shelf) 2013 1 Available 0000042788
Total holds: 0

Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Unraveling Environmental Disasters provides scientific explanations of the most threatening current and future environmental disasters, including an analysis of ways that the disaster could have been prevented and how the risk of similar disasters can be minimized in the future.

Include glossary and index

Disasters as failures. -- Types of failure. -- Science. -- Explosions. -- Plumes. -- Leaks. -- Spills. -- Fires. -- Climate. -- Nature. -- Minerals. -- Recalcitrance. -- Invasions. -- Products. -- Unsustainability. -- Society. -- Future.

Unraveling environmental disasters covers thwe major environmental threats facing our world, focusing on rigorous scientific investigations to better understand why the disasters occurred. Two prominet scientists, physical chemist trevor letcher and environmental engineer Daniel Vallero, look at natural and human-induced disasters to analyze waus that they could have been prevented and offer predictions on possible future disasters based upon scientific evidence.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface (p. viii)
  • 1 Failure
  • Events (p. 3)
  • Disasters as Failures (p. 4)
  • Reliability (p. 7)
  • Failure Classification (p. 8)
  • Types of Failure (p. 9)
  • Failure Type 1: Miscalculations (p. 9)
  • Failure Type 2: Extraordinary Natural Circumstances (p. 10)
  • Failure Type 3: Critical Path (p. 11)
  • Failure Type 4: Negligence (p. 16)
  • Failure Type 5: Inaccurate Prediction of Contingencies (p. 19)
  • Types of Disasters (p. 20)
  • Sources of Disaster (p. 20)
  • Disasters from a Societal Perspective (p. 21)
  • Systems Engineering (p. 26)
  • Seveso Plant Disaster (p. 27)
  • 2 Science
  • Scientific Advancement (p. 33)
  • Laws of Motion (p. 40)
  • Fluid Properties (p. 41)
  • Laws of Chemistry and Thermodynamics (p. 48)
  • Science in the Public Eye (p. 54)
  • 3 Explosions
  • Dust (p. 59)
  • The Science of Dust Explosions (p. 62)
  • Combustible Material (p. 62)
  • Form (p. 63)
  • Oxygen (p. 64)
  • Ignition Source (p. 64)
  • Particle Concentration (p. 65)
  • Containment (p. 65)
  • Dust Explosion Lessons (p. 66)
  • Ammonium Nitrate (p. 66)
  • Picric Acid and TNT (p. 68)
  • Methyl Isocyanate (p. 69)
  • Natural Explosions-Volcanoes (p. 71)
  • 4 Plumes
  • Nomenclature (p. 75)
  • Early Air Quality Disasters (p. 79)
  • Donora (p. 79)
  • Poza Rica (p. 81)
  • London, England (p. 84)
  • New York City (p. 84)
  • Toxic Plumes (p. 85)
  • Bhopal (p. 85)
  • Seveso (p. 89)
  • Plume Characrerization (p. 92)
  • Nuclear Fallout Plumes (p. 96)
  • Chernobyl (p. 97)
  • Fukushima Plume (p. 99)
  • Radiation Dose (p. 99)
  • 5 Leaks
  • Surreptitious Disasters (p. 103)
  • Pollutant Transport in Groundwater (p. 104)
  • Solubility (p. 108)
  • Liquid in Liquid Solubility (p. 111)
  • Suspension and Solution (p. 115)
  • Love Canal (p. 115)
  • Chester (p. 116)
  • Times Beach (p. 117)
  • Valley of the Drums (p. 119)
  • Stringfellow Acid Pits (p. 120)
  • Tar Creek (p. 122)
  • The March Continues (p. 128)
  • 6 Spills
  • Disastrous Releases (p. 132)
  • Oil Spills (p. 133)
  • Deepwater Horizon (p. 134)
  • The Exxon Valdez (p. 137)
  • Torrey Canyon Tanker Spill (p. 140)
  • Santa Barbara Oil Spill (p. 145)
  • Prestige Oil Spill (p. 146)
  • Niger River Delta Oil Spills (p. 147)
  • Other Spills (p. 147)
  • Indirect Harm (p. 149)
  • Partitioning in the Environment (p. 152)
  • 7 Fires
  • Fire Disaster Thermodynamics (p. 163)
  • Water (p. 167)
  • Foams (p. 167)
  • Carbon Dioxide (p. 167)
  • BCF (Halon 1211) (p. 168)
  • Dry Powders (p. 168)
  • Kuwait Oil Fires (p. 168)
  • Release of Radioactive Material (p. 169)
  • Indonesian Wildfires (p. 170)
  • World Trade Center Fire (p. 171)
  • The Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami (p. 172)
  • Other Major Fires (p. 173)
  • Tire Fires (p. 174)
  • Coal Mine Fires (p. 174)
  • Indirect Effect: Formation of Toxic Substances (p. 174)
  • Indirect Impact: Transport (p. 180)
  • 8 Climate
  • Global Climate Change (p. 183)
  • Greenhouse Gases (p. 186)
  • Radiative Forcing (p. 187)
  • Consequences of Global Warming (p. 190)
  • Is It a Disaster? (p. 190)
  • Responding to Climate Change (p. 192)
  • Difficulties with Climate Change Mitigation (p. 192)
  • Carbon and Climate (p. 194)
  • Carbon Biogeochemistxy (p. 200)
  • Potential Warming Disaster (p. 202)
  • Geoengineering (p. 205)
  • Biological Drivers of Climate Change (p. 208)
  • 9 Nature
  • Hurricanes (p. 222)
  • Hurricane Katrina (p. 223)
  • Hurricane Andrew (p. 225)
  • Floods (p. 226)
  • Drought (p. 228)
  • Ecosystem Resilience (p. 228)
  • 10 Minerals
  • Inorganic Substances (p. 235)
  • Toxic Metals (p. 236)
  • Mercury (p. 236)
  • Cadmium (p. 239)
  • Lead (p. 242)
  • Lead Mining Disasters (p. 243)
  • Mechanism of Toxicity in Humans (p. 243)
  • Arsenic: The Toxic Metalloid (p. 243)
  • Asbestos (p. 246)
  • Asbestos Disasters (p. 249)
  • Naturally Occurring Asbestos (p. 250)
  • Libby, Montana (p. 251)
  • Cyanide (p. 252)
  • Surface Mining (p. 262)
  • Value (p. 265)
  • 11 Recalcitrance
  • The Dirty Dozen (p. 276)
  • Agent Orange (p. 278)
  • Lake Apopka (p. 282)
  • James River (p. 284)
  • Persistent Wastes (p. 286)
  • The Arctic Disaster (p. 287)
  • 12 Radiation
  • Electromagnetic Radiation (p. 299)
  • Nuclear Radiation (p. 302)
  • Nuclear Plants (p. 303)
  • Nuclear Power Plant Failure (p. 304)
  • Is Nuclear Power Worth the Risks? (p. 304)
  • Meltdown at Chernobyl (p. 305)
  • The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster (p. 308)
  • Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident (p. 312)
  • Radioisotopes and Radiation Poisoning (p. 313)
  • Carbon Dating (p. 314)
  • Nuclear Waste Disposal (p. 318)
  • 13 Invasions
  • The Worst 100 (p. 323)
  • Sensitive Habitats (p. 323)
  • Everglades (p. 323)
  • Rainforests (p. 325)
  • Coral Reefs (p. 328)
  • Jellyfish Invasion (p. 337)
  • Gene Flow (p. 341)
  • Threats to Honey Bees (p. 346)
  • Vulnerable Amphibians (p. 346)
  • 14 Products
  • Precaution (p. 353)
  • Endocrine Disrupters and Hormonally Active Agents (p. 354)
  • Screening to Prevent Hormonal Disasters (p. 358)
  • Antibiotics: Superbugs and Cross-Resistance (p. 360)
  • Organophosphates (p. 362)
  • Chemistry (p. 363)
  • Poisoning Action (p. 363)
  • Health Risk (p. 364)
  • Disasters (p. 365)
  • Scientific Principles at Work (p. 366)
  • Conformational Isomers (p. 366)
  • Configurational Isomers and Chirality (p. 368)
  • Configurational Isomers and Double Bonds (p. 370)
  • Effect of Shape of Molecules (p. 370)
  • Milk and Terrorism (p. 371)
  • 15 Unsustainability
  • Oil (p. 377)
  • Phosphates (p. 378)
  • Helium (p. 379)
  • Platinum Group Metals (p. 379)
  • Lithium (p. 379)
  • Rare Earth Metals (p. 380)
  • Other Metals (p. 380)
  • Biomass (p. 380)
  • Methane (p. 382)
  • Carbon Dioxide (p. 383)
  • 16 Society
  • Justice (p. 387)
  • Solid Waste (p. 390)
  • Food Supply (p. 394)
  • Alar (p. 396)
  • Genetically Modified Food (p. 400)
  • Fairness (p. 401)
  • Vinyl Chloride (p. 401)
  • Cancer Alley (p. 402)
  • Polyvinyl Chloride (p. 408)
  • Food Versus Fuel (p. 409)
  • Burning as a Societal Issue (p. 411)
  • Risk Trade-Offs (p. 414)
  • Cross-Media Transfer (p. 415)
  • 17 Future
  • Recommendations (p. 424)
  • Thoughtful Land-Use Decisions (p. 425)
  • Information Technology (p. 429)
  • Systems Thinking (p. 431)
  • Some Good News (p. 433)
  • Less Hubris, More Humility (p. 433)
  • Glossary of Terms (p. 437)
  • Index (p. 477)

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

This important, clearly written, well-organized book addresses a confluence of significant global issues and brings them into focus. Vallero (environmental engineer) and Letcher (physical chemist) examine engineering failures within the context of generating environmental disasters. They dissect the failures' causes, presenting carefully researched facts and figures supported by scientific principles and equations. These failures are occasionally triggered by or coupled with natural disasters (hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes), which transform industrial accidents into environmental disasters/catastrophes. They argue that these failures could have been prevented or greatly reduced. For example, the tragic industrial chemical accident of Bhopal, India, in 1984 resulted in one of the biggest air pollution disasters of all time and thousands of deaths and injuries. Safety inspections were not conducted; warning signs were ignored; safety engineering factors were involved; code violations occurred. Other cases of engineering failures and associated environmental impacts addressed include the Chernobyl and Three Mile Island nuclear accidents and the Deepwater Horizon and Exxon Valdez oil spills. The book addresses related issues of sustainability, anthropogenic global warming, pesticide use and its impact on the food chain, vinyl chloride production, etc. A final chapter presents suggestions/recommendations for the future. Tables of extensive, up-to-date data; glossary of terms, clear diagrams. Summing Up: Essential. All academic and professional library collections. A. S. Casparian Wentworth Institute of Technology

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Dr. Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized expert in environmental science and engineering. His four decades of research, teaching and professional experience in hazardous waste engineering and management have addressed a wide range of human health risk and ecological issues, from global climate change to the release of hazardous wastes. His research has advanced the state-of-the-science of air and water pollution measurement, models of potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products, and environmental impact assessments.

He established the Engineering Ethics program and is a key collaborator in the Responsible Conduct of Research Program at Duke University. These programs introduce students, from first-year through PhD, to the complex relationships between science, technology and societal demands on the engineer. The lessons learned from the cases in this book are a fundamental part of Duke's preparation of its future engineers to address the ethical dilemmas likely to be encountered during the careers of the next generation engineers.

Dr. Vallero received a bachelor's degree from Southern Illinois University, a Master of Science in City & Regional Planning from SIU, a Masters in Civil & Environmental Engineering (Environmental Health Sciences) from the University of Kansas, and a PhD in Civil & Environmental Engineering from Duke.

Trevor M Letcher is Emeritus Professor of Chemistry at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban and a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry. He is a past Director of the International Association of Chemical Thermodynamics and his research involves the thermodynamics of liquid mixtures and energy from landfill. He was awarded the South African Chemical Institute's Gold medal in 1999 and in 2000 he was awarded the South African Gold medal by the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. He has published over 250 papers in peer review journals and has edited, co-edited and written eleven books in his research and related fields. His latest books include Unraveling Environmental Disasters (2012), Materials for a Sustainable Future (2012), Waste (2011), Heat Capacities (2010), Climate Change (2009) and Future Energy (2008).

His leisure activities involve regular hikes with the Mendip Ramblers, woodwork (long case clocks) and wood turning, gardening at home and on his allotment, theatre, reading and playing golf.

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