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Analysis, synthesis, and design of chemical processes Richard Turton ... [et al.].

Contributor(s): Bailie, Richard C | Shaeiwitz, Joseph A | Turton, Ricahrd | Whiting, Wallace B.
Publisher: Upper Saddle River, NJ. Prentice Hall 2012Edition: 4th ed.Description: xxxv, 1007 p. il., figras., tabls. 26 cm.ISBN: 9780132618120.Subject(s): Reactor -- Rendimiento | Procesos químicosDDC classification: 660.2812 An134
Partial contents:
diagrams for understanding chemical processes. - - Engineering economic analysis of chemical processes. - - Synthesis and optimization of chemical processes. - - Analysis of process performance. - - The impact of chemical engineering design on society. - - Interpersonal and communication skills.
Summary: More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Fourth Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details–and knows which to stress when, and why.
List(s) this item appears in: Ingeniería Química
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

The leading integrated chemical process design guide: Now with extensive new coverage and more process designs

More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Fourth Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details-and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this updated edition moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization.

This fourth edition adds new chapters introducing dynamic process simulation; advanced concepts in steady-state simulation; extensive coverage of thermodynamics packages for modeling processes containing electrolyte solutions and solids; and a concise introduction to logic control. "What You Have Learned" summaries have been added to each chapter, and the text's organization has been refined for greater clarity.

Coverage Includes

Conceptualization and analysis: flow diagrams, batch processing, tracing, process conditions, and product design strategies Economic analysis: capital and manufacturing costs, financial calculations, and profitability analysis Synthesis and optimization: principles, PFD synthesis, simulation techniques, top-down and bottom-up optimization, pinch technology, and software-based control Advanced steady-state simulation: goals, models, solution strategies, and sensitivity and optimization studies Dynamic simulation: goals, development, solution methods, algorithms, and solvers Performance analysis: I/O models, tools, performance curves, reactor performance, troubleshooting, and "debottlenecking" Societal impact: ethics, professionalism, health, safety, environmental issues, and green engineering Interpersonal and communication skills: improving teamwork and group effectiveness

This title draws on more than fifty years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University and the University of Nevada, Reno. It includes suggested curricula for single-semester and year-long design courses, case studies and practical design projects, current equipment cost data, and extensive preliminary design information that can be used as the starting point for more detailed analyses.

About the CD-Rom and Web Site

The CD contains the newest version of CAPCOST, a powerful tool for evaluating fixed capital investment, full process economics, and profitability. The heat exchanger network software, HENSAD, is also included. The CD also contains an additional appendix presenting preliminary design information for fifteen key chemical processes, including four new to this edition: shift reaction; acid-gas removal via physical solvent; H2S removal from a gas stream using the Claus process; and coal gasification. The CD also includes six additional projects, plus chapters on outcomes assessment, written and oral communications, and a written report case study. Sixty additional projects and twenty-four more problems are available at www.che.cemr.wvu.edu/publications/projects.

Include appendix and index. - - Appendix A. Cost equations and curves for the capcost program. - - B. Information for the preliminary design of fifteen chemical processes. - - C. Design projects.

diagrams for understanding chemical processes. - - Engineering economic analysis of chemical processes. - - Synthesis and optimization of chemical processes. - - Analysis of process performance. - - The impact of chemical engineering design on society. - - Interpersonal and communication skills.

More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Fourth Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details–and knows which to stress when, and why.

Excerpt provided by Syndetics

Preface This book represents the culmination of many years of teaching experience in the senior design course at West Virginia University (WVU) and University of Nevada, Reno. Although the program at WVU has evolved over the past 30 years and is still evolving, it is fair to say that the current program has gelled over the past 20 years as a concerted effort by the authors to integrate design throughout the undergraduate curriculum in chemical engineering. We view design as the focal point of chemical engineering practice. Far more than the development of a set of specifications for a new chemical plant, design is the creative activity through which engineers continuously improve the operations of facilities to create products that enhance the quality of life. Whether developing the grassroots plant, proposing and guiding process modifications, or troubleshooting and implementing operational strategies for existing equipment, engineering design requires a broad spectrum of knowledge and intellectual skills to be able to analyze the big picture and the minute details and, most important, to know when to concentrate on each. Our vehicle for helping students develop and hone their design skills is process design rather than plant design, covering synthesis of the entire chemical process through topics relating to the preliminary sizing of equipment, flowsheet optimization, economic evaluation of projects, and the operation of chemical processes. The purpose of this text is to assist chemical engineering students in making the transition from solving well-posed problems in a specific subject to integrating all the knowledge that they have gained in their undergraduate education and applying this information to solving open-ended process problems. Many of the nuts-and-bolts issues regarding plant design (for example, what schedule pipe to use for a given stream or what corrosion allowance to use for a vessel in a certain service) are not covered. Although such issues are clearly important to the practicing engineer, several excellent handbooks and textbooks are available to address such problems, and these are cited in the text where applicable. In the third edition, we have rearranged some of the material from previous editions, added a new chapter on batch processing and a section on optimization of batch processes, and supplied new problems for all of the quantitative chapters. We continue to emphasize the importance of understanding, analyzing, and synthesizing chemical processes and process flow diagrams. To this end, we have expanded Appendix B to include an additional seven preliminary designs of chemical processes. The CAPCOST program for preliminary evaluation of fixed capital investment and profitability analysis has been expanded to include more equipment. Finally, the chapters on outcomes assessment, written and oral communications, and a written report case study have been moved to the CD accompanying the text. The arrangement of chapters into the six sections of the book is similar to that adopted in the second edition. These sections are as follows. Section 1--Conceptualization and Analysis of Chemical Processes Section 2--Engineering Economic Analysis of Chemical Processes Section 3--Synthesis and Optimization of Chemical Processes Section 4--Analysis of Process Performance Section 5--The Impact of Chemical Engineering Design on Society Section 6-- Interpersonal and Communication Skills In Section 1, the student is introduced first to the principal diagrams that are used to describe a chemical process. Next, the evolution and generation of different process configurations are covered. Key concepts used in evaluating batch processes are included in the new Chapter 3, and the chapter on product design has been moved to Chapter 4. Finally, the analysis of existing processes is covered. In Section 2, the information needed to assess the economic feasibility of a process is covered. This includes the estimation of fixed capital investment and manufacturing costs, the concepts of the time value of money and financial calculations, and finally the combination of these costs into profitability measures for the process. Section 3 covers the synthesis of a chemical process. The minimum information required to simulate a process is given, as are the basics of using a process simulator. The choice of the appropriate thermodynamic model to use in a simulation is covered, and the choice of separation operations is covered. In addition, process optimization (including an introduction to optimization of batch processes) and heat integration techniques are covered in this section. In Section 4, the analysis of the performance of existing processes and equipment is covered. The material in Section 4 is substantially different from that found in most textbooks. We consider equipment that is already built and operating and analyze how the operation can be changed, how an operating problem may be solved, and how to analyze what has occurred in the process to cause an observed change. In Section 5, the impact of chemical engineering design on society is covered. The role of the professional engineer in society is addressed. Separate chapters addressing ethics and professionalism, health, safety, and the environment, and green engineering are included. In Section 6, the interpersonal skills required by the engineer to function as part of a team and to communicate both orally and in written form are covered (both in the text and on the CD). An entire chapter (on the CD) is devoted to addressing some of the common mistakes that students make in written reports. Finally, three appendices are included. Appendix A gives a series of cost charts for equipment. This information is embedded in the CAPCOST program for evaluating fixed capital investments and process economics. Appendix B gives the preliminary design information for 11 chemical processes: dimethyl ether, ethylbenzene, styrene, drying oil, maleic anhydride, ethylene oxide, formalin, batch manufacture of amino acids, acrylic acid, acetone, and heptenes production. This information is used in many of the end-of-chapter problems in the book. These processes can also be used as the starting point for more detailed analyses--for example, optimization studies. Other projects, detailed in Appendix C, are included on the CD accompanying this book. The reader (faculty and students) is also referred to our Web site at che.cemr.wvu.edu/publications/projects/, where a variety of design projects for sophomore- through senior-level chemical engineering courses is provided. There is also a link to another Web site that contains environmentally related design projects. For a one-semester design course, we recommend including the following core: Section 1--Chapters 1 through 6 Section 3--Chapters 11, 12, and 13 Section 5--Chapters 23 and 24 For programs in which engineering economics is not a prerequisite to the design course, Section 2 (Chapters 7-10) should also be included. If students have previously covered engineering economics, Chapters 14 and 15 covering optimization and pinch technology could be substituted. For the second term of a two-term sequence, we recommend Chapters 16 through 20 (and Chapters 14 and 15 if not included in the first design course) plus design projects. If time permits, we also recommend Chapter 21 (Regulating Process Conditions) and Chapter 22 (Process Troubleshooting) because these tend to solidify as well as extend the concepts of Chapters 16 through 20, that is, what an entry-level process engineer will encounter in the first few years of employment at a chemical process facility. For an environmental emphasis, Chapter 25 could be substituted for Chapters 21 and 22; however, it is recommended that supplementary material be included. We have found that the most effective way both to enhance and to examine student progress is through oral presentations in addition to the submission of written reports. During these oral presentations, individual students or a student group defends its results to a faculty panel, much as a graduate student defends a thesis or dissertation. Because design is at its essence a creative, dynamic, challenging, and iterative activity, we welcome feedback on and encourage experimentation with this design textbook. We hope that students and faculty will find the excitement in teaching and learning engineering design that has sustained us over the years. Finally, we would like to thank those people who have been instrumental to the successful completion of this book. Many thanks are given to all undergraduate chemical engineering students at West Virginia University over the years, particularly the period 1992-2008. In particular, we would like to thank Joe Stoffa, who was responsible for developing the spreadsheet version of CAPCOST, and Mary Metzger and John Ramsey, who were responsible for collecting and correlating equipment cost information for this edition. We also acknowledge the many faculty who have provided, both formally and informally, feedback about this text. Finally, RT would like to thank his wife Becky for her continued support, love, and patience during the preparation of this third edition. R.T. R.C.B. W.B.W. J.A.S. (c) Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Excerpted from Analysis, Synthesis and Design of Chemical Processes by Richard Turton, Richard C. Bailie, Wallace B. Whiting, Joseph A. Shaeiwitz All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Reviews provided by Syndetics

CHOICE Review

This big book combines the usual costing and equipment sizing information that other chemical plant design books include, with a detailed consideration of the developmental steps used to arrive at a process flow diagram. Hence it forms the basis for a more complete and modern plant and process design course sequence than most of its competitors. After an introductory section on the various forms of flow diagrams, there are sections on engineering economic analysis, technical analysis of system performance, synthesis and optimization of a process flow diagram, and a concluding section on the professional environment of engineers. The economic analyses use computer-generated equipment cost data that are available on the enclosed compact disc. The process synthesis is done using CHEMCAD; the structure and use of this and other simulators are discussed, as are the bases of the technical data packages on which they depend. Appendixes supply the equation and curves for the cost data and also the preliminary process design information for four processes used as examples throughout the book. An excellent work for the teaching of plant and process design, but without the performance and property data that a practicing engineer might need. Upper-division undergraduates. L. A. Wenzel; Lehigh University

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Richard Turton is professor of chemical engineering and professor in the Statler College of Engineering and Mineral Resources at West Virginia University. He has taught WVU's senior design course for more than twenty-five years.

Richard C. Bailie , professor emeritus at WVU, taught chemical engineering design for more than twenty years. He has extensive experience in process evaluation, pilot plant operation, and plant startup.

Wallace B. Whiting , professor emeritus at the University of Nevada, Reno, has practiced and taught chemical process design for more than twenty-four years.

Joseph A. Shaeiwitz has been involved in WVU's senior design sequence and sophomore- and junior-level integrated design projects for twenty years.

Debangsu Bhattacharyya , associate professor in the department of chemical engineering at WVU, has worked in computer-aided simulation, design, construction, and in the operation of a large petroleum refinery for more than ten years.

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